Archive of the Batten Family of Yeovil, Somerset

Item date: 14th - 20th centuries
Grant Value: £5,000
Item cost: £7,584
Item date acquired: 2017
Item institution: SW Heritage Trust: Somerset Archives and Local Studies
Town/City: Taunton
County: Somerset

The Batten family have acted as solicitors in Yeovil since the early 18th century. Their house in Church Street played a central part in the legal history of the town, serving as the Town Courts until the 20th century. In 1820 the family inherited the manor of Thornfalcon, near Taunton, along with substantial lands across South Somerset, and in 1829 they purchased the Aldon estate on the southern edge of Yeovil. Various members of the family played key roles in relation to the Yeovil Improvement Bill, acted as clerk to the Yeovil Turnpike Trust and served as Justices of the Peace and as Deputy Lieutenant of the county. The collection, which covers the 14th–20th centuries, reflects the landed interests of the family, along with their roles in Yeovil society and their personal interests. It also includes material gathered in the course of their legal practice.

Medieval and early modern highlights of the collection include estreat rolls for the hundred of Catsash, 1598–1601, and the hundred of Stone and Hamdon, 1598–1606. There are many medieval deeds including, for example, a quitclaim of 1411 for the manor of Pendomer. The collection also contains many 17th and 18th century wills and probates which are important for Somerset because the majority of Somerset probate records before 1858 were destroyed during the Second World War. Also of note for the Yeovil area are papers concerning the erection of the town’s Unitarian chapel in the 1820s, records concerning the Yeovil Gas and Coke Company for the 1840s, a 1755 map of lands in Yeovil, East Coker and Closworth, and an 1808 map of Yeovil Marsh.

The family papers include the genealogical and antiquarian research papers of John Batten the younger. They cover subjects including the Yeovil almshouses, the Bruton cartulary and Yeovil charities. Of particular note are the late 18th and early 19th century diaries of Nathaniel Batten. The career of Miss Winifred Batten as a Red Cross nurse during the First World War is also represented; there are photographs of patients and staff at Étaples Military Hospital during a visit by Queen Mary in 1917, a notice of the award of the Military Medal to Miss Batten, photographs of her receipt of the MBE and notification of the cessation of hostilities.

The Batten family archive will help greatly to further the study of the history of Yeovil and South Somerset. The South West Heritage Trust is most grateful to the Friends of National Libraries for generously making possible the purchase of the collection.

Estreat rolls for the hundred of Catsash, 1598-1601, and of Stone and Hamdon, 1605–6, together with part of a map of the parish of Yeovil, 1831
Estreat rolls for the hundred of Catsash, 1598-1601, and of Stone and Hamdon, 1605–6, together with part of a map of the parish of Yeovil, 1831
Detail of a parish map of Yeovil, 1831.  Images courtesy of the South West Heritage Trust.
Detail of a parish map of Yeovil, 1831. Images courtesy of the South West Heritage Trust.